Temporary Courts, Permanent Records, Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, 2008

Special Report 170, Temporary Courts, Permanent Records, United States Institute of Peace, 2006

Final Acts: A Guide to Preserving Records of Truth Commissions, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005

Co-author, with Gary M. Peterson, Archives and Manuscripts: Law, Society of American Archivists, 1985

Basic Archival Workshop Exercises, Society of American Archivists, 1982

Ed., Farmers, Bureaucrats, and Middlemen: Historical Perspectives on American Agriculture, Howard University Press, 1980

Agricultural Exports, Farm Income, and the Eisenhower Administration, University of Nebraska Press, 1979

News from the ICA Human Rights Working Group,” International Council on Archives website, monthly, 2009-

“Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Archives,” United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights series (forthcoming)

“Principle 14,” “Principle 15,” and “Principle 17” in Paola Gaeta, Frank Haldemann and Thomas Unger, The United Nations Principles to Combat Impunity:  A Commentary (forthcoming)

“Archives for Justice, Archives of Justice,” in James B. Gardner and Paula Hamilton, eds., The Handbook of Public History, Oxford University Press (forthcoming)

“No Closure without Disclosure,” in Festshrift for Jussi Nuorteva (forthcoming)

“Managing Turbulence,” in Gabriella Ivacs, ed., Managing in an Electronic Records World (forthcoming)

“Rights and Responsibilities:  The Role of the Archivist,” SAP – Yearbook 2014, Stichting Archiefpublicaties, The Netherlands (forthcoming)

“Our Archives and Our Rights,” Government of Girona, Spain (forthcoming)

The Probative Value of Archival Documents,” Swisspeace, 2014

“National Archives and the International Council on Archives:  Converging and Diverging,” Atlanti, 2013

Searching for Support:  Preserving the Records of the Nuclear Claims Tribunal,” Groniek, 2013

Securing Police Archives,” Swisspeace, 2013

Archives Research as Unfinished Business,” Using History to Inform Development Policy, World Bank, 2013

Principles of Access to Archives:  A Status Report,” Flash 22, July 2011

Human Rights, Human Wrongs, and Archives,” III International Seminar on Archives from Andalusia:  Archives and Human Rights, 2011

“El valor probatorio del document de archive en los procesos judiciales,” Tabula:  Estudios archivisticos de Castilla y Leon 14, 2011

Um Projeto Sobre Acesso,” Acervo:  Revista do Arquivo Nacional, Brazil 24/1, 2011

Working Group on Access,” Flash 21, December 2010

Archives against Amnesia,” Politorbis 50, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland, 3/2010

To Have and To Have Not:  Archives as Information, Archives as Symbol,” Proceedings: Archives without Borders, 2010

Book review, “Archives and Justice: A South African Perspective,” Journal of Archival Organizations 6, Nos. 1-2, 2008.

Attitudes and Access in the United States of America,“Society of American Archivists website, 2007

Application of ISAD(G) for Human Rights Archives,” International Council on Archives website, 2005

Archives in Service to the State: The Law of War and Records Seizure” in Margaret Procter, et al, eds., Political Pressure and the Archival Record, Society of American Archivists, 2006; published 2004 in Lligall, the journal of the Catalan Society of Archivists)

Access to Records of Intergovernmental Organizations,” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars website, 2005

Truth and the Records of Truth Commissions,” Studien und Quellen 30, 2004

“Which Drawer Do You Use?” in Bruce Ambacher, ed., Thirty Years of Electronic Records, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2003

The Nasty Truth about Nationalism and National Archives,” Proceedings of the 5th General Conference of EASTICA, 2001

“Democracy, Culture, and Archives of the European Union,” Riksarkiviet, Sweden, 2001

Macro Archives, Micro States” Archivaria, Fall 2000

“Archival Parasailing,” in Leszek Pudlowski and Ivan Szekely, eds., Open Society Archives, 1999

“Making Money, Spending Money: Multinationals and their Records,” in Francisco Daelemans, ed., Miscellanea in honorem Caroli Kecskemeti, 1998

Access Matters: Four Documents,” National Archives of the United States Website publication, 1998

“The Internet and the Archives,” Atlanti 8, 1998

“Preservation, Access, and the Multinationals,” IASSIST Website publication 1997

“Archives of UNESCO Europe: A Comparative View,” UNESCO World Information Report, 1997

“Putting Records First to Make Them Last,” Choosing to Preserve, European Commission on Preservation and Access, 1997

“Reflections on the Records,” Government Information Quarterly, Winter 1996

“Using the Finding Aids to Archives and Manuscript Collections,” in Charles A. D’Aniello, ed., Teaching Bibliographic Skills in History: A Sourcebook for Historians and Librarians, Greenwood Press, 1993

“Privacy and Freedom of Information,” Janus, Issue 2, 1992

“Reading, ‘Riting, and ‘Rithmetic: Speculations on Change in Research Processes,” American Archivist, Summer 1992

“Dangerous Archives,” Fourteenth Polar Libraries Colloquy, Proceedings, Summer 1992

“Archival Bestiary,” American Archivist, Spring 1991

“Rural Life and the Privacy of Political Association,” Agricultural History, Number 3, 1990

“Federal Records, Privacy, and Public Officials in the United States,” Janus, Issue 2, 1987

“The National Archives and the Archival Theorist Revisited, 1954-1984,” American Archivist, Spring 1986 (winner, Fellows’ Posner Prize, 1987)

“The National Archives: Substance and Shadows, 1965-1980,” in Timothy Walch, ed., Guardian of Heritage: Essays on the History of the National Archives. National Archives, National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1985

Archival Principles and Records of the New Technology,” American Archivist, Fall 1984

“Archives,” in R. Alton Lee, ed., Encyclopedia U.S.A., Academic International Press, 1983

Counting and Accounting: Speculation on Change in Recordkeeping Practices,” American Archivist, Spring 1982

“A Review of Two NARS Networks,” The Midwestern Archivist, Vol. VI, No. 2, 1982

“Documents in Time: The Archives of the United States and the National Archives and Records Service,” Government, Vol. 8A, No. 4, 1981

“Education and Research in Archival Administration,” in Joel Lee, ed., Encyclopedia of Library Science, 1980, reprinted 1986

After Five Years: As Assessment of the Amended U.S. Freedom of Information Act,” American Archivist, Spring 1980; reprinted in Library Lit. 11—The Best of 1980, Scarecrow Press, 1981

“Sales, Surpluses, and the Soviets: A Study in Political Economy,” in Fraenkel, et al, ed., The Role of U.S. Agriculture in Foreign Policy, Praeger, 1979

“Hedge Against Hunger: Food Reserves and the USDA,” in Koerselman and Dull, ed., Food and Social Policy, Iowa State University Press, 1978

“Using the Freedom of Information Act to Acquire Archival Material,” Law Library Journal, Fall 1979

“The Gift and the Deed,” American Archivist, January 1979

“The Iowa Historical Records Survey, 1936-42,” American Archivist, April 1974 (Gondos Award, Society of American Archivists)


Speeches and Public Appearances*

“Access as the Support of Democracy,” Hong Kong Archives Society, 2014

“Principles of Access to Archives,” National Institute of Public Administration, Spain, 2013

Chair, “Truth and Reconciliation,” International Council on Archives Annual Conference, 2013

Chair, “Displaced Archives:  Current Controversies and a New Initiative,” Society of American Archivists convention, 2013

Panelist, “Possibilities of cooperation between different dealing with the past mechanisms and their archives,” Dealing with the Past Conference, Switzerland, 2013

“The Railroad, the Records, Holocaust Litigation and Maryland,” University of Iowa, 2013

“The Role of Archives in Strengthening Democracy,” Nordiska arkivdagar, Finland, 2012; Swedish Archival Week, 2013; Catalan Archives Congress, 2013; University of Maryland Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Americana symposium, 2013; Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, 2013; Federal Institute for Access to information and Data Protection, Mexico City, 2013; Friends of Archives, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2013; University of Oregon, 2013

The Importance of Archives and Documentation in Dealing with the Past,” Dealing with the Past Conference, Switzerland, 2012

“The Probative Value of Documents in Judicial Processes,” Museo de la Memoria, Santiago, Chile, and Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Santiago, Chile, 2012

“Archives and Democracy,” IV Convencion Internacional de Archivistas, Chile, 2012

Chair, “Archives in Wartime:  From WWII to the Invasion of Iraq,” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2012

“Placing Your Personal Papers,” Capitol Hill Village, 2012, 2013

“The Access Initiative,” International Council on Archives, 2011; Southern Economic Association convention, 2011; American Historical Association convention, 2012; Society for The History of American Foreign Relations convention, 2013; Society of American Archivists convention 2013

“Three Wishes for the Society of American Archivists,” Society of American Archivists convention, 2011

“Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions,” National Research Centre Forum, Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, 2011

Unfinished Business: Archives after Conflict in Guatemala, Sierra Leone, and South America,” Washington History Seminar, National History Center, 2011

Panelist, “Wikileaks and the Archives and Records Profession,” Archivists Round Table of Metropolitan New York and Metro NYC Chapter ARMA, 2011

“Threatening Archives/Archives Threatened,” Society of American Archivists Human Rights Roundtable, 2010

Panelist, “La Isla – Archives of a Tragedy,” Silver Docs Film Festival, 2010

“Fighting Words:  Archives as Information, Archives as Symbol,” University of Iowa, 2010

Panelist, “The Indian Archives and a Future Research Agenda,” India and the Cold War, conference, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2009

“Management of Human Rights Archives in a Post-conflict Country,” Archives seminar, Burundi, 2009

Why Law? Why Archives? Why a Law for Archives?” Managing Public Records and Preserving Heritage for Good Governance seminar, Hong Kong, 2009

Panelist, “Putting Historical Skills to Work:  Careers beyond Academe,” American Historical Association convention, 2009

“Archives and Human Rights Workshop,” Foro Internacional de Archivos y Derechos Humanos,” Mexico, 2008

The Role of Archives in Strengthening Democracy,” Archivos, Memoria y Derecho a la Verdad conference, Colombia, 2008

“The Probative Value of Archival Documents in Judicial Processes,” Conference of the Human Rights Ombudsman, Guatemala, 2008

“Archives and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” Society of Tennessee Archivists annual meeting, 2008

“Guatemala Police Archives,” Society of Tennessee Archivists annual meeting, 2008

“Issues in the Preservation of Human Rights Archives,” University of Connecticut, 2008

“Legacies of Repression:  Archives and Human Rights,” Iowa State University World Affairs Series, 2008

“The End of the Beginning,” Conference of the Procurador de los Derechos Humanos, January 2008

“A Documentation Strategy for Human Rights Research,” Colombia, 2007

Tribunals Past and Present,” Human Rights Archives and Documentation conference, October 2007

Privacy is not a Rose” Society of American Archivists convention, 2007

“Preserving the History of Truth Commissions,” American Historical Association convention, 2007

“Temporary Courts, Permanent Records,” Archives, justice et droits de l’homme conference of the International Council on Archives, Lyon, France, 2006

“The Legacy of the ICTY,” Domestic War Crimes Trials Conference, Montenegro, 2006

“Police Archives:  A Late Twentieth Century Issue,” Iowa State University Library Faculty Seminar, 2006

“Police Archives and the Archival Profession,” History Department, University of San Carlos, Guatemala, 2006

Chair, “Vital Records:  The Importance of National Archives and Records Administration in Governance and Civil society,” Society of American Archivists convention, 2006

“Legal Heritage of the International Criminal Tribunals,” Expert Meeting on Judicial Archives, The Hague, 2006

Archival Solidarity,” XIV Brazilian Congress on Archival Science, 2006

“Preserving the Legacy of Temporary International Criminal Courts,” University of Iowa Law School, 2006

“Records of International Criminal Courts,” American Society of International Law, International Law Librarians’ Program, 2006

“Attitudes and Access in the United States of America,” Japan-US Friendship Association seminar, Tokyo, 2006

Final Acts: Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions,” Yale University School of Law, 2006

“In Archives We Trust,” MARAC – DC Caucus, 2005

“Temporary Courts, Permanent Records,” ARMA International convention, 2005

“Truth and the Records of Truth Commissions,” Society of American Archivists convention, 2005

“Dangerous Records: A Cold War Story,” American Historical Association convention, 2005

Access for All: Governments, Governance, and Archives,” EASTICA, 2004

Standard Archives,” Quadrennial Congress of the International Council on Archives, 2004

Testimony, “Needs of the Records and Archives Program of the District of Columbia,” D.C. City Council oversight hearing, 2004

Chair, “Reconstructing Memory and Identity:  International Non-Governmental Sources,” International Conference of the Round Table on Archives, 2003

Chair, “Records of the International Tribunals,” Society of American Archivists convention, 2002

“The ‘Why’ of Archives; The ‘I’ in Archives” Central Official Training Institute, Korea, 1 May 2002

“The Gift and the Archives,” Research Institute for Korean Archives and Records, 2002

“Refugees, Vital Statistics, and the Records They Leave Behind,” Society of American Archivists, 2000

“A Rumination on Standards,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1999

“Why Automate?  Why Plan?” Keynote address, Summer University Institute, Central European University, 1999

“Maxims for Managers:  An Archival View,” Association of Canadian Archivists, 1998

“E Pluribus Unum,” National Archives of Italy, 1998

“Macro Archives, Micro States,” 50th Anniversary Jubilee of the Archives of Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1997

Panelist, “Legal Aspects in Archival Education,” International Conference of the Round Table on Archives, 1997

“Independent Television, Independent Archives?” International Federation of Television Archives, 1997

“East and West:  Legislating Information,” National Archives of Sweden, 1996

“Lifelong Learning:  The Archival Profession in the 21st Century,” Croatian Archives Conference, 1996

Chair, “Archival Theory and National Traditions,” Society of American Archivists, 1995″The National Archives and Contractor Records,” Legacy conference, RAND, 1992

“Archival Challenges,” Western History Association, 1992

Commentator, “Cultivating the Postliterate,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1992

“Stasi Archives,” International Congress on Archives, 1992

Interview, Marin Producciones S.A. of Argentina for World Time Capsule, 1992

“The National Archives and Scientific Records,” National Academy of Sciences conference, 1992

Chair, “Preservation of Electronic Records,” Association of Public Data Users conference, 1991

“Corporate Culture, Archival Identity, and Professional Cooperation,” Midwest Archives Conference, 1991

Commentator, “Twentieth Century Farm Movements and Politics,” Organization of American Historians convention, 1991

“Legal and Ethical Issues in Archives,” Society of Georgia Archivists, 1991

Chair/commentator, “Legal Issues concerning Electronic Records,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1990

“Professions:  Archivists and Records Managers,” New York Chapter, American Records Managers Association, 1990

“Reference Services at the National Archives,” Maryland depository libraries annual meeting, 1990

“The End of Archival Effort,” Moscow Symposium 1990

Chair/commentator, “Improving Access to Sources and Texts,” Association of Documentary Editing, 1989

“Preservation Priorities and the Four G’s,” Association of Canadian Archivists conference, 1989

Panelist, “Rural Historic Districts:  A Multidisciplinary Approach,” National Trust for Historic Preservation conference, 1988

Panelist, “Can Archivists be Sued?” Society of Southwest Archivists, 1988

“Legal Matters:  Deposit Agreements, Tax Evaluations, Licensing, Rights and Reproductions,” Local TV News conference, 1987

“Archivists and the Law,” Mid-Atlantic Archives Conference, 1987

Chair, “The ‘Far Side’ of Equality:  Institutional Policies and Archival Access,” National Council on Public History, 1987

“Reference and Access:  Legal Issues,” Society of Georgia Archivists, 1986

“Electronic Records and Government Documents,” Depository Library Council, 1986

Moderator, “The Fate of Information,” American Society of Access Professionals, 1985

“Archival Education,” Public Archives of Canada, 1985

Chair/commentator, “Protagonists and/or Compatriots,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1985

Chair, “In Search of Archival Theory,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1984

“The User Community and Its Impact on Archival Administration,” Keynote, Mid-Atlantic Archives Conference, 1983

“Records Management for the Association,” American Society of Association Executives convention, 1983

“Technology, Records, and the Historian,” American Historical Association, 1982

“Archival Principles and Records of the New Technology,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1982

“American Archival Institute:  A Prospectus,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1982, and Society of Mississippi Archivists, 1982

“Archives and Advocacy:  Two Historical Examples,” National Council on Public History conference, 1982

“Intrinsic Value as an Archival Concept,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1981

Discussant, “Postwar Changes in Market Structure,” Symposium on the History of Agricultural Trade and Marketing, 1981

Commentator, “Archival Education for Librarians, Library Education for Archivists,” American Library Association convention, 1980

Chair, panel discussion, “Placement and Professionalism:  Issues in Archival Education,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1979

“The Modern Archives Institute: Past, Present, and Prospects,” NEH conference on archival workshops, 1978

“Access and the Archivist,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1978

“Certification:  Realities and Possibilities,” South Atlantic Archives and Records Conference, 1978

“Freedom of Information,” Society of Southwest Archivists conference, 1978

“Research Directions in Women’s History,” AAUW Educational Foundation conference, 1978

“The Impact of the Freedom of Information Act on Government Information Accessibility,” American University Institute on Federal Document and Information Accessibility, 1978

“Archival Certification,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1977

“Accreditation, Approval, and Certification,” Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, 1977

Commentator, “The WPA Historical Records Survey,” Society of American Archivists convention, 1973


*Speeches made as Acting Archivist of the United States are not included